Breast cancer will be the most common type, with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) forecasting 290,560 new cases this year. The second and third most common cancers are prostate and lung cancers. Cancer deaths, on the other hand, have decreased by 27% in the last two decades, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The decrease in death rates can be attributed in part to fewer people smoking. Smoking causes about 20 percent of all cancers and 30 percent of all cancer deaths in the United States. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the country, and about 80 percent of lung cancers and lung cancer deaths are attributed to smoking.
Smoking also increases the risk for cancers of the mouth, throat, voice box, kidneys, cervix, liver, bladder, pancreas, stomach, colon and rectum. Other factors credited with contributing to the reduced cancer death rate include increased screening, leading to earlier diagnosis, as well as treatment advances.
The NCI projects that, by 2030, there will be more than 22 million cancer survivors in the United States. Still, the American Cancer Society estimates that 609,360 people will die of cancer (not including basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers) this year, and cancer continues to be the second-most-common cause of death in the United States, after heart disease.