West News Wire: The Iranian revolution of 1979 promised three things: social justice, freedom, and democracy, as well as independence from kingdom rule.
We must revisit the promises made by the Iranian revolution four decades ago to see if they have been kept.
Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of Iranian revolution took the first step when he ordered the formation of the “Literacy Movement” in the first year of the Iranian revolution’s existence. Iran currently has 2570 universities with a total enrollment of 3 million and 800 thousand students. As a result, the literacy rate rose from 47 percent to nearly 90%.
Three referendums, 12 presidential elections, 10 parliamentary elections, 5 Assembly of Experts elections, 5 city and village council elections, and a Constitutional election have all taken place over the last four decades.
Furthermore, the country’s improved public health and sanitary conditions have boosted women’s life expectancy from 50 to 79 years. In addition, compared to the pre-revolutionary age, the death rate of mothers during childbirth has fallen by 93 percent. In other terms, just 18 women die in every 100 thousands childbirths.
Iran has made significant progress in terms of social services and urban and rural development. As a result, its human development index score improved from 110 to 60.
Prior to the Iranian Revolution, only 21% of villagers had access to clean drinking water; now, it is 81 percent. In rural areas, just 7% of villages had electricity; now it linked practically all villages to the power infrastructure.
Despite having the world’s largest gas reserves, just 50 thousand homes in Iran were connected to the gas grid, now 97 percent of cities and 81 percent of villages currently have access to this.
Before Iranian revolution most roads were perilous during the Pahlavi rule, and the few rural ones were particularly deadly due to the lack of asphalt. Now Iran has succeeded in extending asphalt roads to the most remote settlements, resulting in a network of nearly 200 thousand kilometres of road have been built in rural regions.
Iran’s scientific development has been so rapid that it now ranks 13th in the world. The rate of scientific progress has been 11 times faster than the global average. Iran now ranks 17 in the world and first in West Asia in terms of medical progress, up 75 times from 4 decades ago.
Iran’s average life expectancy has risen to 77 years, an increase of 23 years since its Revolution.
In Iran, postnatal care is also taken very seriously. Vaccination coverage has now reached 100%, and communicable diseases such as infantile paralysis, measles, and rubella have been eradicated. World Health Organization (WHO) has introduced the Iran as one of the most successful nations in this regard.
Research on stem cells began in Iran in the 1990s, and with the establishment of the Royan Research Institute in 1991, these studies were taken more seriously, with Iran now ranking fourth in Asia in this field. Iran also ranks fourth in the world in Nanotechnology, with nearly 180 companies active in this field.
Iran is the 11th country to master satellite launch technology and the 8th to successfully launch a satellite into Earth’s orbit. It is the only country in West Asia capable of producing satellites.
Omid (hope) was the name of the first Iranian satellite, which was launched in 2009 with the help of satellite-carrier Safir (emissary). As a result, Iran has officially entered the club of countries that can build and launch satellites. Two years later, the Rasad (monitor) satellite was launched into orbit with further imaging capabilities, and Navid (promise) was launched in 2012. Fajr (dawn) was the last Iranian satellite to be launched in 2015.
Because fossil fuels will be depleted in the coming decades, countries have focused their emphasis on alternative energy sources such as nuclear power. To the surprise of the entire scientific community, Iranian scientists succeeded in completing the full cycle of this technology in April of 2006 despite pressure and sanctions by United States.
Despite all of the sanctions and constraints, Iran’s economy ranked 18th in 2017 according to World Bank figures. Furthermore, GDP has more than doubled from the pre-revolutionary period, reaching 540 billion dollars.
The hunger index has decreased from 18.5 in 1990 to 6.8 in 2015, according to a UN report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Industry’s proportion of GDP has risen from 16 percent to 40 percent, with a value addition of 70 billion dollars, more than seven times that of the Pahlavi rule.
Iran was rated 14 in the world by the World Steel Association in 2017, with 21.7 million tonnes of steel produced, a massive part of this product is exported.
Iran is the world’s 14th largest producer of aluminium, and it plans to expand production by launching new projects.
Iran is a large maker and exporter of cement, ranking third in the world in 2016.
Ceramic and tile are two other construction materials that Iran produces in large quantities. Iran’s ceramic and tile production has surpassed 340 million cubic metres per year, putting it in eighth place globally.
It ranks fourth in oil reserves and first in gas reserves, because to its vast fossil fuel reserves. As a result, Iran’s major industry is oil and gas.
Iran’s gas industry is very important. Iran is the first country in the world to have 18 percent of the world’s gas reserves. As a result, it has made significant investments in the gas business, extracting 800 million cubic metres of gas every day. The South Pars Field, which Iran and Qatar jointly own, is the world’s largest gas field. This massive field contains half of Iran’s gas and 8% of the world’s total gas. It’s known as Iran’s gas pole.
Iran is home to 7% of the world’s minerals, totaling 40 billion tonnes. As a result, Iran is ranked among the top ten countries in the world. Despite this, experts estimate that just 20% of Iran’s mines have been discovered thus far.
Iran has around 2 billion tonnes of copper reserves, accounting for 4% of global copper reserves.
Kerman Province, in Iran’s south, is home to the country’s largest copper mine. Furthermore, with 220 million tonnes of confirmed reserves, the Golgohar iron ore mine in Kerman province is the largest iron mine in West Asia.